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 About Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is our premier feature tour and travel adventure destination.
Read on!

The twin island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is the southernmost islands of the Caribbean chain, only 10 km or 7 miles from the Venezuelan coast of South Americas. The islands’ geology is of South American origin, and their biogeography is referred to as continental.

Trinidad is just 4,828 sq. km or 1,864 sq. miles and Tobago 300 sq. km or 116 sq. miles, with only 33 km or 21 miles in area, separating them.

The geography of Trinidad consists of a range of mountains along the north coast with the highest peak reaching 940 meters or 3,085ft. There is a flat central plain, with undulating hills in the centre and south. Tobago has a central mountain range with a flat area in the south west.

The location of the islands is critically influenced by their geographical location. They are a perfect stopping point for Northern or Southern migratory birds, butterflies or anything drifting on the ocean or wind currents from the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

The islands’ unique diversity of the plants and animals occurs within a small geographic area. This South American flora and fauna is richer than any other Caribbean Island and is easily accessible throughout Trinidad and Tobago in any given day tour.

Over 260 species of birds breed in Trinidad and Tobago and 150 migrate here from North and South America. More than 430 species of birds have been recorded. 600 species of butterflies, 150 reptiles and amphibians, 104 mammals, including two species of monkey, manatees, dolphins and 58 species of bats. 2000 species of flowing trees have been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago.

The primary ecological habitats include Tropical Rain Forest, Savannas, Semi - deciduous Forest, Mangrove Swamps, Marsh-lands and Coral Reefs. Interesting geological features include river gorges, waterfalls, limestone caves, Mud Volcanoes and one of the world's geologicalwonders- a commercially exploited asphalt or pitch lake.

The climate is a tropical maritime. The average maximum temperatures is 32°C, (89°F). Tobago's temperatures are cooler, and the island is and less humid than Trinidad, owing to the north east trade winds.

There is a dry season from January to May and a wet season from June to December. Annual rainfall is about 200 cm (40 inches) over most of the country. Trinidad and Tobago is just south of the hurricane belt.

Trinidad & Tobago is the same as Eastern Standard Time and 4 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.

General information

Travel Insurance
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Geography Trinidad

Geography Tobago


Map information Trinidad

Map information Tobago

Where to go and do
General Caribbean information

Trinidad & Tobago Sightseeing Tours
165A Western Main Road, St. James Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, West Indies
Tel: 868 628 1051 / Fax: 868 622 9205
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