and Tobago is our premier feature tour and travel
The twin island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
is the southernmost islands of the Caribbean
chain, only 10 km or 7 miles from the Venezuelan
coast of South Americas. The islands’
geology is of South American origin, and their
biogeography is referred to as continental.
Trinidad is just 4,828 sq. km or 1,864 sq.
miles and Tobago 300 sq. km or 116 sq. miles,
with only 33 km or 21 miles in area, separating
The geography of Trinidad consists of a range
of mountains along the north coast with the
highest peak reaching 940 meters or 3,085ft.
There is a flat central plain, with undulating
hills in the centre and south. Tobago has a
central mountain range with a flat area in the
The location of the islands is critically influenced
by their geographical location. They are a perfect
stopping point for Northern or Southern migratory
birds, butterflies or anything drifting on the
ocean or wind currents from the Amazon and Orinoco
The islands’ unique diversity of the plants
and animals occurs within a small geographic
area. This South American flora and fauna is
richer than any other Caribbean Island and is
easily accessible throughout Trinidad and Tobago
in any given day tour.
Over 260 species of birds breed in Trinidad
and Tobago and 150 migrate here from North and
South America. More than 430 species of birds
have been recorded. 600 species of butterflies,
150 reptiles and amphibians, 104 mammals, including
two species of monkey, manatees, dolphins and
58 species of bats. 2000 species of flowing
trees have been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago.
The primary ecological habitats include Tropical
Rain Forest, Savannas, Semi - deciduous Forest,
Mangrove Swamps, Marsh-lands and Coral Reefs.
Interesting geological features include river
gorges, waterfalls, limestone caves, Mud Volcanoes
and one of the world's geologicalwonders- a
commercially exploited asphalt or pitch lake.
The climate is a tropical maritime. The average
maximum temperatures is 32°C, (89°F).
Tobago's temperatures are cooler, and the island
is and less humid than Trinidad, owing to the
north east trade winds.
There is a dry season from January to May and
a wet season from June to December. Annual rainfall
is about 200 cm (40 inches) over most of the
country. Trinidad and Tobago is just south of
the hurricane belt.
Trinidad & Tobago is the same as Eastern
Standard Time and 4 hours behind Greenwich Mean